India is one of the net importers of Bamboo. It means that there are more significant opportunities to harness the market potential by increasing its production and ensuring the establishment of a proper value chain ecosystem
In most of the hilly States of India, Bamboo is used as construction material, besides, having a potential niche market in other countries as well with various traditional. Bamboo has an ever-increasing range of applications in industries like construction, furniture, textile, food, energy production, herbal medicine.
This is especially important from the potential of bamboo-based livelihoods and employment for rejuvenating the rural economy and doubling of farmers’ income.
NRBMRI will focus on development of Bamboo in limited regions where it has social, commercial and economic advantage, particularly in the Maharashtra.
With the popularity of the concept of sustainable development, green buildings have become the main development direction of future architecture. As a kind of eco-friendly material, bamboo is featured by renewable, growing fast, economical, safe, durable, and so on. Bamboo can be utilized as a building material for scaffolding, bridges, houses and buildings.
Bamboo, like wood, is a natural composite material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures. Bamboo’s strength-to-weight ratio is similar to timber, and its strength is generally similar to a strong softwood or hardwood timber. Bamboos are some of the fastest-growing plants in the world, due to a unique rhizome-dependent system.
Bamboo fabric is a natural textile made from the pulp of the bamboo grass, the bamboo fiber is then made by pulping the bamboo grass until it separates into thin threads of fiber, which is then spun and dyed for weaving into cloth.
Bamboo fabric is similar to the softness of silk. Since the fibres are without chemical treatment, they are naturally smoother and rounder with no sharp spurs to irritate the skin, making bamboo fabric hypoallergenic and perfect for those who experience allergic reactions to other natural fibres such as wool or hemp.
Unlike many of the other fabrics, bamboo is extremely breathable. The natural bamboo plant keeps itself cool in the heat and like its other properties, is also maintained in its fabric form.
Bamboo is used to make clothing, blankets, and towels. Bamboo fabric is incredibly soft and lightweight, as well as antibacterial.
In India, bamboo fiber has been used to make paper since early times, but in recent years, bamboo has emerged as an important raw material for the pulp and paper industry due to the shortage of wood resources. Bamboo paper has a high tear index, similar to that of hardwood paper, and its brightness and optical properties remain stable, while those of wood derived paper may deteriorate over time. Bamboo can also be pulped with less power and chemicals than wood, which makes it more environmental friendly.
The total production capacity of bamboo pulp in India reached 2,4 million tons in 2017, of which 80% of the pulp is used for the production of unbleached bamboo pulp for household paper grades. A few examples of bamboo paper products are coffee filters, paper cups, paper towels, toilet paper, cardboard, craft paper, and bond paper.
Numerous products can be made from bamboo. From household items to the entire house, bamboo products are nothing new to society. Ancient civilizations were using bamboo for building long before they were using other materials and this trend has faded slightly over the centuries, but is now making a comeback in parts of the world, becoming a popular resource.
From raw products like bamboo charcoal or edible bamboo shoots, to finished pieces like furniture and instruments, there are many kinds of bamboo products out there. Whether they are made of raw or treated bamboo, they all seem to be used with more frequency now that we are re-discovering the versatility of the products. Some bamboo products include: